6 Steps to Leading a Life of Integrity
Like Justice Stewart’s famous comment about pornography—“I may not be able to define it, but I know it when I see it”— integrity is something like that. It seems that people either have it or don’t. We generally associate the word with those who seem to have a solid moral compass, clear and consistent principles, and bold honesty about themselves. It is part of their character.
Posted July 15, 2017, Bob Taibbi, L.C.S.W.
Having integrity is bringing the inner you into your outer world.
Integrity is complex; there’s another layer that often gets misunderstood or glossed over. The word is derived from the Latin term integritas which means whole or complete; it is related to integrating or bringing together. This is the aspect I’m most intrigued by: Integrity as a psychological process, an integration of your outer life and inner life—two sides coming together, creating a whole, consistent you. In our culture, such integration can be hard to come by. Many of us seem disconnected from our true inner core, while others rarely reveal it. Instead, we slap on a social persona to carry us through our day, and over time this becomes more and more who we begin to believe we are.
Can we create this integration and develop this integrity? Can we reshape our lives to become like those people we admire and respect, who seem authentic and honest? Will integrity pay off?
Here are some suggestions on how to begin:
Step 1: Discover your inner life.
If integrity is about having your outer world reflect your inner world, the first step is taking the time and thought to drill down and explore and discover who you are: What is your unique inner being? What are the gifts that you alone possess that you can contribute to the world and those around you? There are several steps to the discovery:
1. Find and define your sense of purpose.
I vividly remember a lecture by a Buddhist monk who said that while most people associate Buddhism with a deeply contemplative, meditative life, the reality couldn’t be more different. Because Buddhists believe in reincarnation, the monk said, being a human being is the greatest opportunity you could have. Other forms of life don’t have what you have—namely, the ability to control their lives, make choices, and set their destiny; only humans do. Being human, said the monk, is a gift we need to appreciate and grasp. Take advantage of this time and opportunity in life’s cycle; act boldly.
He was talking about action but also implying purpose: With this unique ability to choose and control, what do you truly want to do with the opportunity and time you have? While some of us know our callings and passions early on, for more of us, that discovery only comes through a process of exploration, of traveling down one road only to back up and take another. That’s fine. What doesn’t work is sitting on a couch and expecting to figure it all out somehow.
But even the couch-sitting isn’t where many of us can get stuck. The bigger problem is that we never take the time or courage to ask such questions. Instead, we prematurely settle; we set our expectations of ourselves and life too low; we push topics to the back burner of our lives and get so busy running our lives that we don’t live.
So the starting point to creating a life of integrity is to ask questions about purpose and opportunity and to keep them simmering on your life’s front burner. Be willing to acknowledge and explore your passions, callings, and motivations. Intentionally sort through and set priorities. Sit down with yourself and decide on the meaning of work and relationships for you rather than simply taking what you get.
2. Sort out shoulds and wants.
Asking these big questions sets the discovery process in motion, but now other psychological and emotional challenges may rear their heads. You can get confused, bewildered, and overwhelmed by the choices. You may have trouble identifying what you truly feel; guilt and self-criticism can rise as you struggle to sort out your parents’ and society’s contradictory rules and expectations. You are too inside your head.
Instead of your gut, consider your heart: This is where passion and a sense of purpose come from—your wants and desires and bursts of excitement—rather than the staid shoulds that wag their fingers and scold. As I’ve mentioned in other posts, this move from shoulds to wants is a matter of literally rewiring your brain and changing where the information about you comes from. It requires that you keep your ear close to your heart and then take action, as the monk said.
Each time you listen to and act upon these gut and heart impulses, however faint, this source of information about you becomes ever-stronger in your brain and life. But this once again requires courage—that essential ingredient of integrity—to step away from the crowd and listen to your own inner voice.
3. Define your values and visions.
We have purpose and gut and heart—but this is not enough. This combination can lead too easily to a narcissistic, greedy, or impulse-driven life rather than one of integrity. The final step in this discovery process is to filter all this information through your own values—your vision of a “good” life and a “good” person you can be proud of.
The key here is your values, not merely copying those of others. Like purpose, values are to be discovered and evolve, but also, like purpose, they require that you put them on the front burner and intentionally decide what you want those values and visions to be.
The challenge here is shaping blunt values into clear behavioral principles: Saying, for example, that family is important to you may be a value, but it is too slack and doesn’t go far enough in giving you a clear path: What does it mean to you to truly value family? Where does family fit into the other priorities of your life? What does valuing family mean in terms of how you treat them and how you relate to them daily?
Again, the answers can come only after you have asked yourself such difficult questions. What you think about becomes who you are. Be intentional in what you think about.
After taking the time and having the courage to travel through the landscape of your inner self, you now face your second task in the process: Carrying it forward into your everyday outer life:
Step 2: Have your outer life represent your inner life
In some ways, the heavy psychological lifting is done. Now it is about translation and application: How do I have my inner life reflect me?
1. Make clear decisions.
Think of your inner life as the foundation on which you build your outer life. “Build” is the operative word because it is about being intentional: Through the filter of your values, your sense of purpose, gut instincts, and desires, you want to make clear decisions. That does not mean the decisions are easy: Do you take a less-stressful job, so you have more time to spend with your kids, for example, or do you take a more stressful job but one that pays more and allows you to provide more opportunities for your kids, like a college education? Tough.
Again, sort through your priorities and vision. Take your time.
What you don’t want to do is drift, not be intentional, or let life and circumstance carry you along. Integrity requires that you avoid automatically falling into the easy or popular path.
2. Stay committed to what you believe.
This is about being aware and diligent, checking in with yourself, and asking, Am I living my life? Am I proud of my life, measured by my goals and expectations? This is about having “the courage of your convictions” that people often talk about—the willingness to step up and speak. Though difficult at first, this process too gets easier with practice, and as you find that what you feared would happen rarely does.
3. Stay open to change.
Keep your ear close to those inner voices, and when your inner life changes, as it probably will, take the time to sort and sift and see what to keep and what to let go. But then integrate, be bold, and bring this redefined version of you into your daily life. Acknowledging and adapting to change is what keeps your inner and outer lives in alignment.
Creating integrity is not a forced march through life, and it’s not about not being better, trying harder, and following yet another should. It’s about self-honesty and having the courage to hear and accept what your heart and life tell you to become more fully who you already are.
It’s about connecting you to you.
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